Marc Chagall was a Russian-French artist who lived from 1887 to 1985. He was known for his unique style that blended elements of Expressionism, Cubism, and Surrealism. Chagall's work often featured dreamlike scenes with floating figures, animals, and objects.
Born in Vitebsk, Russia, Chagall studied art in St. Petersburg before moving to Paris in 1910. There, he became friends with other influential artists such as Pablo Picasso and André Breton. During this time, Chagall developed his signature style and created some of his most famous works, including "I and the Village" and "The Birthday." In 1914, Chagall returned to Russia and became the director of the Vitebsk Art School. He also continued to create art, including murals and stained glass windows for local churches. However, the rise of communism in Russia led to Chagall's dismissal from the art school and his eventual return to Paris in 1923. Throughout his career, Chagall continued to experiment with different mediums and techniques, including painting, printmaking, and sculpture. He also created murals and stained glass windows for several notable institutions, including the Metropolitan Opera in New York City and the United Nations headquarters in Geneva.
Today, Chagall is regarded as one of the most important artists of the 20th century. His works can be found in the most important museums and galleries around the world, and his influence can be seen in the work of many contemporary artists.